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    北京pk10是国家彩票吗 2010高三英语高考《语法》专题复习系列课件02《定语从句》全国通用

    北京赛车稳定玩法:2010高三英语高考《语法》专题复习系列课件02《定语从句》全国通用.ppt

    2010高三英语高考《语法》专题复习系列课件02《定语从句》全…

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    2018-11-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

    北京pk10是国家彩票吗 www.qdpo.net 简介:本文档为《2010高三英语高考《语法》专题复习系列课件02《定语从句》全国通用ppt》,可适用于综合领域

    高考英语《语法》专题复习系列课件《定语从句》(一)定义及相关术语定语从句:修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。定语从句一般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词之后。先行词:被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词。关系词:引导定语从句的词叫关系词。关系词有关系代词和关系副词关系代词有:that,which,who,whom,whose,as等关系副词有:when,where,why关系词通常有下列三个作用:A引导定语从句B代替先行词C在定语从句中担当一个成分。Themanwhoisshakinghandswithmyfatherisapoliceman(二)关系代词引导的定语从句who指人在定语从句中作主语。TheboyswhoareplayingfootballarefromClassOneThosewhowanttogotothemuseummustbeattheschoolgateattomorrowmorningYesterdayIhelpedanoldmanwhohadlosthiswayThatistheteacherwhoteachesusphysicswhom指人在定语从句中做宾语??墒÷?。MrLiuistheperson(whom)youtalkedaboutonthebusLiMingisjusttheboy(whom)IwanttoseeTheprofessor(whom)youarewaitingforhascomeThegirl(whom)theteacheroftenpraisesisourmonitor注意:关系代词whom在口语或非正式文体中??捎脀ho来代替也可省略。Theman(whomwho)youmetjustnowismyoldfriendwhich指物在定语从句中做主语或宾语做宾语时??墒÷?。FootballisagamewhichislikedbymostboysThefactorywhichmakescomputersisfarawayfromhereHelikestoreadbookswhicharewrittenbyforeignwritersThehousewhichisbythelakelooksniceThisisthepen(which)heboughtyesterdayThefilm(which)theywenttoseelastnightwasnotinterestingatall.that指人时相当于who或whom指物时相当于which。在定语从句中作主语或宾语作宾语时??墒÷?。ThenumberofpeoplethatwhocometovisitthiscityeachyearreachesonemillionWhereisthemanthatwhomIsawthismorningThepersonthatwhomyouintroducedtomeisverykindTheseasonthatwhichcomesafterspringissummerYesterdayIreceivedaletterthatwhichcamefromAustraliawhose通常指人也可指物在定语从句中做定语。IvisitedascientistwhosenameisknownalloverthecountryHehasafriendwhosefatherisadoctorIoncelivedinthehousewhoseroofhasfallenin注意:指物时常用下列结构来代替:TheclassroomwhosedoorisbrokenwillsoonberepairedTheclassroomthedoorofwhichisbrokenwillsoonberepairedDoyoulikethebookwhosecoverisyellowDoyoulikethebookthecoverofwhichisyellow(三)“介词关系代词”引导的定语从句关系代词在定语从句中作介词宾语时从句常常由“介词关系代词”引出。Theschool(whichthat)heoncestudiedinisveryfamousTheschoolinwhichheoncestudiedisveryfamousTomorrowI’llbringherethemagazine(whichthat)youaskedforTomorrowI’llbringherethemagazineforwhichyouaskedThisistheboy(whomwhothat)IplayedtenniswithyesterdayThisistheboywithwhomIplayedtennisyesterdayWe’llgotohearthefamoussinger(whomwhothat)wehaveoftentalkedaboutWe’llgotohearthefamoussingeraboutwhomwehaveoftentalkedThemanagerwhosecompanyIworkinpaysmuchattentiontoimprovingourworkingconditionsThemanagerinwhosecompanyIworkpaysmuchattentiontoimprovingourworkingconditions注意:含有介词的短语动词一般不拆开介词仍放在短语动词的后面。如:lookfor,lookafter,takecareof等。Thisisthewatch(whichthat)IamlookingforThisisthewatchforwhichIamlookingThebabiesafterwhomthenurseislookingareveryhealthyThebabies(whomwhothat)thenurseislookingafterareveryhealthy2若介词放在关系代词前关系代词指人时只可用whom不可用who,that关系代词指物时只可用which不可用that。关系代词是所有格时用whose。ThemanwithwhomyoutalkedjustnowismyneighbourThemanwiththatwhoyoutalkedjustnowismyneighbourTheplaneinwhichweflewtoCanadawasreallycomfortableTheplaneinthatweflewtoCanadawasreallycomfortable×√×3“介词关系代词”前还可有some,any,none,all,both,neither,many,most,each,few等代词或者数词。Heloveshisparentsdeeply,bothofwhomareverykindtohimInthebaskettherearequitemanyapples,someofwhichhavegonebadTherearefortystudentsinourclassinall,mostofwhomarefrombigcitiesUptonow,hehaswrittentenstories,threeofwhichareaboutcountrylife(四)关系副词引导的定语从句when指时间在定语从句中作时间状语。IstillrememberthedaywhenIfirstcametothisschoolThetimewhenwegottogetherfinallyarrivedOctober,wasthedaywhenthePeople’sRepublicofChinawasfoundedDoyouremembertheyearswhenhelivedinthecountrysidewithhisgrandparentswhere指地点在定语从句中作地点状语。ShanghaiisthecitywhereIwasbornIvisitedthefarmwherealotofcowswereraisedThehousewhereIlivedtenyearsagohasbeenpulleddownIsthistheplacewheretheyfoughttheenemywhy指原因在定语从句中作原因状语。PleasetellmethereasonwhyyoumissedtheplaneThereasonwhyhewaspunishedisunknowntousIdon’tknowthereasonwhyhelooksunhappytoday注意:关系副词引导的定语从句经??梢杂谩敖榇使叵荡省币嫉亩ㄓ锎泳淅幢硎?。Fromtheyearswheninwhichhewasgoingtoprimaryschoolinthecountryhehadknownwhathewantedtobewhenhegrewup(五)限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句A限制性定语从句形式上不用逗号“”与主句隔开。用逗号“”与主句隔开。意义上是先行词不可缺少的定语如删除主句则失去意义或意思表达不完整。B非限制性定语从句只是对先行词的补充说明如删除主句仍能表达完整的意思。译法上译成先行词的定语“...的”通常译成主句的并列句。关系词的使用上A.作宾语时可省略B.不可省略A.可用thatB.不用thatA.可用who代替whomB.不可用who代替whomGreatchangesaretakingplaceinthecitywhereinwhichtheyliveThereasonwhyforwhichherefusedtheinvitationisquiteclearTheteachertoldmethatTomwastheonlypersonthatIcoulddependonChinaisacountrywhichhasalonghistoryInthestreetIsawamanwhowasfromAfrica限制性定语从句举例:非限制性定语从句举例:Hismother,wholoveshimverymuch,isstrictwithhimChina,whichwasfoundedin,isbecomingmoreandmorepowerfulLastsummerIvisitedthePeople’sGreatHall,inwhichmanyimportantmeetingsareheldeveryyear注意区分下列几组句子的不同含义:Herbrotherwhoisnowasoldieralwaysencourageshertogotocollege她那当兵的哥哥总是鼓励她上大学(意含:她还有其他哥哥。)Herbrother,whoisnowasoldier,alwaysencourageshertogotocollege她哥哥是当兵的他总是鼓励她上大学。(意含:她只有一个哥哥。)Allthebooksthathavepicturesinthemarewellwritten所有里面带插图的书都写得很好。(意含:不带插图的书则不一定写得好。)Allthebooks,whichhavepicturesinthem,arewellwritten所有的书都带插图这些书都写得很好。(意含:没有不带插图的书。)(一)限制性定语从句中只能用that引导定语从句的情况当先行词是everything,anything,nothing(something除外),all,none,few,little,some等代词时或当先行词受every,any,all,some,no,little,few,much等代词修饰时。HaveyoutakendowneverythingthatMrLisaidThereseemstobenothingthatisimpossibletohimintheworldAllthatcanbedonehasbeendoneThereislittlethatIcandoforyouHestayedinthelibraryandlookedupanyinformationthattheyneededAnymanthatwhohasasenseofdutywon’tdosuchathing注意:当先行词指人时偶尔也可用关系代词whoAllthegueststhatwhowereinvitedtoherweddingwereimportantpeopleAnymanthatwhohasasenseofdutywon’tdosuchathing当先行词被序数词修饰时。ThefirstplacethattheyvisitedinLondonwastheBigBen当先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。ThisisthebestfilmthatIhaveeverseen.当先行词被thevery,theonly修饰时。ThisistheverydictionarythatIwanttobuyAfterthefireinhishouse,theoldcaristheonlythingthatheowns注意:当先行词指人时通常用关系代词who。WangHuaistheonlypersoninourschoolwhowillattendthemeeting当先行词前面有who,which等疑问代词时。WhoisthemanthatisstandingbythegateWhichistheTshirtthatfitsmemost当先行词为人与动物或人与物时。TheytalkedaboutthepersonsandthingsthattheyrememberedatschoolLookatthemanandhisdonkeythatarewalkingupthestreet?。ǘ┕叵荡蔭s和which引导的定语从句as和which引导非限制性定语从句时其用法有相同之处也有不同之处。具体情况是as和which都可以在定语从句中做主语或宾语代表前面整个句子。Hemarriedher,aswhichwasnaturalHeishonest,aswhichwecanseeas引导的非限制性定语从句可以放在主句之前、主句之后甚至还可以分割主句。which引导的非限制性定语从句只可放在主句之后。另外as常常有“正如、正像”的含义。Asisknowntoall,ChinaisadevelopingcountryHeisfromthesouth,aswecanknowfromhisaccentJohn,asyouknow,isafamouswriterZhangHuahasbeentoParismorethantentimes,whichIdon’tbelieve注意:当主句和从句之间存在着逻辑上的因果关系时关系词往往只用which。如:Tomwaslateforschoolagainandagain,whichmadehisteacherveryangryThesetablesaremadeofmetal,whichmadethemveryheavy当先行词受such,thesame修饰时关系词常用as。I’veneverheardsuchstoriesashetellsHeisnotsuchafoolashelooksThisisthesamedictionaryasIlostlastweek注意:当先行词受thesame修饰时偶尔也用that引导定语从句但与as引导的定语从句意思有区别。SheworethesamedressthatsheworeatMary’sweddingSheworethesamedressasheryoungersisterwore(三)以theway为先行词的限制性定语从句通常由inwhich或that引导而且通??梢允÷?。Theway(thatinwhich)heansweredthequestionswassurprisingIdon’tliketheway(thatinwhich)youlaughather(四)关系代词与关系副词的选择用关系代词还是关系副词引导定语从句主要看关系词在定语从句中的作用(即所担当的成分)AIknowaplacewherewecanhaveapicnicIknowaplacewhichthatisfamousforitsbeautifulnaturalsceneryCompare:BIwillneverforgetthedayswhenwespentourholidaystogetherIwillneverforgetthedaysthatwhichwespenttogetherCThisisthereasonwhyhewasdismissedThisisthereasonthatwhichheexplainedtomeforhisnotattendingthemeeting(五)but有时也用作关系词引导定语从句。Thereareveryfewbutadmirehistalents?。╞ut=whodon’t)(六)定语从句与同位语从句的区别.定语从句修饰限定先行词它与先行词是修饰关系同位语从句说明先行词的具体内容它与先行词是同位关系。TheplanethathasjusttakenoffisforParisThefactthathehasalreadydiedisquiteclear.定语从句由关系代词或关系副词引导关系词在从句中担当相应的句子成分关系代词在从句中作宾语时经??墒÷?。同位语从句主要由连词that引导在从句中一般不担当成分有时也由where,when,how,who,whether,what等连词引导这些连词则在从句中担当成分。ThenewsthathetoldmeistrueThenewsthathehasjustdiedistrueTheproblemthatwearefacingnowishowwecancollectsomuchmoneyTheproblemhowwecancollectsomuchmoneyisdifficulttosolveThequestionthatheraisedpuzzledallofusThequestionwhetherheissuretowinthegameishardtoanswer.同位语从句与先行词一般可以用动词be发展成一个完整的句子,而定语从句则不能。ATheideathathewecouldasktheteacherforadviceiswonderfulTheideawasthatwecouldasktheteacherforadviceBThefactthattheearthmovesaroundthesunisknowntoallThefactisthattheearthmovesaroundthesunCPayattentiontotheproblemhowwecanprotectthewildanimalsTheproblemishowwecanprotectthewildanimalsDorothywasalwaysspeakinghighlyofherroleintheplay,ofcourse,madetheothersunhappyAwhichBwhoCthisDwhatAfterlivinginParisforfiftyyearshereturnedtothesmalltownhegrewupasachildAwhichBwhenCthatDwhereThegentlemanyoutoldmeyesterdayprovedtobeathiefAwhoBaboutwhomCwhomDwithwhomPleasetakeanyseatisfreeAwhichBwhereCinwhichDthatTheoldmanhastwosons,isasoldierAoneofwhomBbothofthemCallofwhomDnoneofthemThisistheshipwecrossedthePacific(太平洋)AbywhichBbythatCwhereDinwhichNewYorkisfamousforitsskyscrapers(摩天大楼)hasmorethanstoreysAthehigherofthemBthehighestofwhichCthehighestofthemDsomeofwhichMyhomevillageisnolongerthesameitusedtobeAwhichBasCwhereDwhenIntheofficeIneverseemtohavetimeuntilafter:pm,manypeoplehavegonehomeAwhosetimeBthatCatwhichDbywhichtimeTheboycompositionwonthefirstprizeistheyoungestinthegroupAwhoBwhoseCthatDwhichTheweatherturnedouttobeverygood,wasmorethanwecouldexpectAwhatBwhichCthatDitMrWangisaboss,factoryLiPingworkedAinwhoseBwhoseCinwhomDofwhichIdon'tlikethewayyouspeaktoherABthatCinwhichDAllA,B,andCIshallneverforgettheyearsIlivedinthecountrywiththefarmers,hasagoodeffectonmylifeAthat,whichBwhen,whichCwhich,thatDwhen,whoisknowntoall,Chinawillbeanadvancedandpowerfulcountryinoryear’stimeAWhatBThatCAsDItIsthisbookyouwanttoborrowfromthelibraryAthatBwhichCtheoneDSuchabookyoushowedmeisdifficulttounderstandAthatBwhichCasDlikeThespeakerspokeofsomewritersandsomebookswerepopularthenABthatCwhichDwhoThisisthestorewevisitedthefamousshopassistantsAwhereBthereCthatDwhichI’mgoingtospendmyholidayinBeijing,livemyoldparentsAwhichBthatCwhereDthere

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